Category Archives: Professional Articles


Hashimoto Thyroiditis; Pathogenesis, Mechanisms & Treatments

Hashimoto Thyroiditis; Pathogenesis, Mechanisms & Treatments

Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is a chronic disease, characterised by destruction of the thyroid gland by abnormal lymphocytic activation which targets self-tissues and leads to thyroid failure if left untreated (Cogni and Chiovato, 2013, p19). There is a comprehensive presence of a lymphocytic infiltrate within the thyroid gland. There is an existence of circulating thyroid auto-antibodies, explicitly Thyroid Peroxidase autoantibodies (TPOAb) (Cogni and Chiovato, 2013). The…

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Review

  Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is a complex metabolic disease which can be life threatening if not managed optimally. It has a high prevalence of co-morbidities such as; hypertension, dyslipidaemia, obesity as well as its metabolic implications. It’s not surprising to say that T2DM has reached an epidemic globally as mentioned by Zimmet (2003), so the need to understand the effective management and wider implications…

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